There are so many innovative technologies in the front end, like Vue.js, AngularJS, and ReactJS, in web development, it becomes easy to ignore the backend. Normally, users are more likely to notice what is being served in front of their eyes and not what is happening behind the scenes. Backend web development involves the part of the coding that the user does not see. More often than not, backend web developers are responsible for the code behind juggling data to and from the front end.
Backend web development deserves a lot of attention.
For backend development which language is best?
The PHP language starts the list based on its popularity and widespread use. Few people agree to like PHP, but chances are you like it or not; you might have to meet it one day. Almost every active web user has encountered some PHP code implementation, considering that around 75% of websites use PHP. PHP has come a long way since its inception in 1994. It has grown tremendously and is now used on many servers and can be integrated with many frameworks and templates.
It is also compatible with several content management systems. Interesting frameworks include Laravel, Symphony, and CakePHP. Assuming prior knowledge of a scripting language, a beginner will find it easy to learn PHP. With a huge community of developers, beginners have plenty of resources. Low demands on processing power make PHP fast.
Gone are the days when Python was limited to desktop programming. Now, in the realm of backend web development, Python is rising in the ranks. Nowadays, most server-side programmers have adopted Python as a replacement for PHP. It may have been around for decades, but it continues to dominate and improve over time. Python is popular and easy, with a very low learning curve.
Python is flexible and considered the gateway to learning other programming languages. We can’t talk about the python web framework without mentioning Django. It is robust and capable of meeting all your backend needs.
Just like Python, Java has become a general-purpose language. It is used for desktop software development, Android development, and, most importantly, web development. As much as one may love new technologies such as Node.js, Java has been around for a long time, which makes it stable and, ultimately, more secure. The Spring framework is very versatile if you’re getting into server-side development with Java.
Ruby’s active community results in impressive documentation and impressive open-source dependencies. Ruby’s code is simple and also expensive. With the Ruby on Rails framework, a developer can get a working RESTful API and serve CRUD resources within hours. Prototypes and working APIs with security, unit tests, functional tests, and databases.
There are many other languages that many would like to see listed or some that should be removed. Feel free to mention it in the comment section.